Chemical composition: Be2Al2Si6O18
Hardness: 7.5 - 8
Origin: BRAZIL, Colombia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, India, Austria, Madagascar.
Typical Structure: Hexagonal
Emerald derives from the Greek word smargos, meaning "green stone", but the oldest mine known is gyptian, dating back to 3000 BC.
Emeralds were traditionally bound to the left arm to protect travelers or given people to exercise their demons. Said to protect from enchantment and the ploys of magicians, it foretold the future.
Known as the "Stone of Successful Love", Emerald brings domestic bliss and loyalty; enhances unity, unconditional love and partnership; and promotes friendship.
In the past, natural river polished tumbled stones were found near river banks. Thousands of years in running water made them smooth and shiny. In modern times, a large amount of rough stones of the same kind are put into a huge barrel with special materials. The barrel, attached to a machine, turns around so that the stones actually smooth each other. The quality of the tumbling depends on the added materials and the time. The best results are when the machines work for about 6 weeks.