Chemical composition: complex silicate, content varies according to color
Color: black, green, blue, pink, yellow, orange, red
Origin: BRAZIL (Minas Gerais
Hardness: 7 - 7.5
Typical structure: Trigonal. Grooved 3 sided prism. The top is truncated or with edges that create a triangle or a hexagon.
Chakra: protects all
Was probably already known during the Roman period, but was mistakenly identified as Emerald or Topaz.
Tourmaline comes from the Singhalese term touramali. This stone is piezoelectric, meaning that it generates electricity under pressure, and pyroelectric, generating electricity with heat. The Dutch called Tourmaline aschentrekker (ash remover), as when heated it attracted ashes from a pipe.
Traditionally used for scrying, it pointed to the culprit or cause in times of trouble , and indicated a "good" direction in which to move.